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Primary Source Resource Page

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Welcome to the Colorado Springs Pioneers Museum’s regional history primary source resource page! This database highlights primary source documents and objects from the museum’s collection. We also share valuable resources from other institutions. Click the links below to explore each topic.


The Story of Us: The Pikes Peak Region from A – Zallows users to explore the history and geography of the area using 21st Century technology. Open a letter from A – Z and learn about the people, places and events that make our region unique. Navigate dynamic maps that allow you to go back in time to understand how neighborhoods, businesses, climate and transportation have shaped our community. Where do you fit in? Come and discover your place in local history.

Featured Regional History Topics: The Antlers Hotel, Julia Archibald Holmes (Bloomer Girl), Coal, Soap Box Derby, Elvira, Fluoridation, Goerke, Hassel Iron Works, Historic Maps, International Typographical Union, China Jim Bofanda, Professor Kerr (Discovery of the theiophytalia kerri dinosaur in Garden of the Gods), Lon Chaney, Military, Natural Disasters, Olympic City USA, Poor Farm, Public Art, Quarry, Charles Collins (Riding Master), Sankofa, Ski Broadmoor, Tesla, Tuberculosis, USS Colorado, Vallejos Restaurant, Water-skiing, X-Marks the Spot, “You” (Share your story!), Zoopark.

Click here to access 12 lesson plans developed in partnership with the Colorado Geographic Alliance and a team of Pikes Peak regional educators. The lessons guide teachers on the use of the museum exhibit and online components, developing mapping exercises, and creating annotated resource sets. Thank you to the educators that partnered with the museum to create the lessons featured on this site!


The League of Wives

From the Ashes: The Waldo Canyon Fire

Journey to Pikes Peak

The Midas Touch




  • 1904 Ballot: This ballot is for the Colorado counties of El Paso and Teller from the 1904 election. Six political parties are represented on the ticket: Republican, Democratic, People’s (Populists), Socialist, Socialist Labor, and Prohibition.  The ballot is designed for straight-ticket voting: it has instructions on how to vote straight-ticket and how to vote straight-ticket with exceptions.  Assuming this ballot was finished, the owner was voting straight-ticket Democratic with 8 exceptions (of 38 possible votes).  It is interesting to note that the ballot actually has the presidential electors listed by name (along with their candidate) rather than just the name of the candidates.
  • Equal Rights Pageant

Trappers & Traders

Weather – STEM

  • Pikes Peak and the Summit House
  • Signal Service History
  • Wind Chill Activity: Using the wind chill chart from the National Weather Service, students can investigate the discrepancy between the recorded temperature from the top of Pikes Peak and the reported temperature in the news article. The results can lead to a discussion about the advancement in meteorological technologies.
  • Before the National Weather Service, the Signal Service reported the weather from various stations around the country. The highest signal service station was on Pikes Peak from 1873 – 1888. The mission of the men stationed atop Pikes Peak was to report the weather, and gather enough information to predict weather patterns. Initially, weather reports were made via telegraphic summaries sent to Washington, D.C. from the various observation sites around the nation, then distributed out to the public via railroad stations and news media outlets. The Pikes Peak mountain observation site was connected to the city of Colorado Springs down below by telegraph line #99. Harsh winds and heavy snow fall often downed the line, at times the poles themselves.

Other Lessons & Activities


The Ute People of Colorado

Nuu-ciu Strong: A Colorado Fourth Grade Resource Guide, Lessons about the Ute People of Colorado

  • Nuu-ciu Strong is a resource for fourth grade educators to use to support teaching the history, culture, and present lives of the Ute People. This resource was developed in collaboration with Colorado’s Ute Tribes, the Colorado Commission of Indian Affairs, the Colorado Department of Education, History Colorado, Denver Public Library, Denver Art Museum, and educators statewide. The curriculum aligns with Colorado’s academic standards and is a dynamic resource that will be reviewed every 6 years to ensure its integrity.