Additional Resources - CSPM

Additional Resources

Trappers & Traders

Bent’s Old Fort

Weather - STEM

  • Pikes Peak and the Summit House
  • Signal Service History
  • Wind Chill Activity: Using the wind chill chart from the National Weather Service, students can investigate the discrepancy between the recorded temperature from the top of Pikes Peak and the reported temperature in the news article. The results can lead to a discussion about the advancement in meteorological technologies.
  • Before the National Weather Service, the Signal Service reported the weather from various stations around the country. The highest signal service station was on Pikes Peak from 1873 – 1888. The mission of the men stationed atop Pikes Peak was to report the weather, and gather enough information to predict weather patterns. Initially, weather reports were made via telegraphic summaries sent to Washington, D.C. from the various observation sites around the nation, then distributed out to the public via railroad stations and news media outlets. The Pikes Peak mountain observation site was connected to the city of Colorado Springs down below by telegraph line #99. Harsh winds and heavy snow fall often downed the line, at times the poles themselves.

Other Lessons & Activities

Resources from Other Organizations

Nuu-ciu Strong: A Colorado Fourth Grade Resource Guide, Lessons about the Ute People of Colorado

  • Nuu-ciu Strong is a resource for fourth grade educators to use to support teaching the history, culture, and present lives of the Ute People. This resource was developed in collaboration with Colorado’s Ute Tribes, the Colorado Commission of Indian Affairs, the Colorado Department of Education, History Colorado, Denver Public Library, Denver Art Museum, and educators statewide. The curriculum aligns with Colorado’s academic standards and is a dynamic resource that will be reviewed every 6 years to ensure its integrity.

Using Primary Sources in the Classroom